Major Currency

major currencies

For example, if the US Federal Reserve raises interest rates it will usually cause the US dollar to strengthen against the euro, causing the price of EUR/USD to drop. Some of the most traded of these are the GBP/EUR, EUR/CHF and EUR/JPY. Please ensure you understand how this product works and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing money. Currency pairs are two currencies with exchange rates coupled for trading in the foreign exchange market.


One thing to note is that these exotic currency pairs tend to have wider spreads because they are not actively traded like the major currency pairs. All major currency pairs have very liquid markets that trade 24 hours a day, every business day. Exchange rates fluctuate based on which currency is stronger at certain times. These rates are supplied by global banks and updated in time periods of less than a second; the forex market is extremely fast-paced. The major pairs are the four most heavily traded currency pairs in the forex market. The four major pairs at present are theEUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBP/USD, USD/CHF.

This is the fourth most held reserve currency, and the third most traded in the forex market, accounting for almost 22% of the daily trading volume. The JPY is traded as a reserve currency because it remains stable during turbulent market times. The last three are often called commodity pairs, and sometimes they are excluded from the list of the major currency pairs. A wide spread between currencies indicates volatility, whereas a narrow spread means that there is a smaller difference between the bid and ask price. Most traders prefer a tighter or narrower spread, as it indicates lower volatility but high liquidity.


In indirect quotations the cost of one unit of local or home currency is given in units of foreign currency. When entering EUR/USD sales, traders will profit if the dollar strengthens or sustain a loss if the euro’s value rises. The position size on Forex is measured in lots, where one standard lot is equal to 100,000 units of the base currency. Despite the eventual fall of the Bretton Woods system in 1971, the value of the US dollar continues to prevail.

exotic currency pairs

You’ll only ever see about 5% of these on a trading platform because the other 95% are really illiquid. This pair indicates the value of the U.S. dollar against the Danish krone, the currency used in Denmark, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands. The krone is considered part of the European exchange rate mechanism, which helps lower exchange rate volatility in European countries.


Let’s take a look at eight currencies every trader or investor should know, along with thecentral banksof their respective nations. This is because such currencies often retain their value or even climb higher as the market tumbles. Typically, these are the main forex pairs you would be trading on a day-to-day basis. You will also see these pairs referred to as “the majors” or “the Big Four”. According to ICE data from, there are over 2,300 forex pairs that you could in theory trade. 2) A weighted average of the foreign exchange value of the U.S. dollar against a subset of the broad index currencies that are advanced foreign economies.


Although there is no definitive of what the “Majors” are, any list will certainly include the four traditional “Majors, which are EUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBP/USD and USD/CHF. In addition, the largest of the traded “commodity currencies”, USD/CAD and AUD/USD also make our top six list (it could be argued that NZD/USD would be the seventh name on the list). You will notice that all of these “Majors” are made up of individual currencies relative to the US Dollar. These are not major currency pairs even though there’s a USD because you can see that the dollar is pegged into countries which are classified as developing nations. Commodity currencies are those from countries that have large quantities of commodities or other natural resources. The exchange rate of the currencies of these countries are tied to their respective export activities.

Nominal Major Currencies U.S. Dollar Index (Goods Only) (DISCONTINUED) (TWEXMMTH)

Discover the range of markets and learn how they work – with IG Academy’s online course. For example, if the supply of oil was increased by OPEC, oil’s price would likely fall which, in turn, would bring down the value of the Canadian dollar. Similarly, since oil is priced in US dollars, any fall in the value of oil will likely see a reciprocal strengthening of the US dollar.

  • One popular method implies that you never put more than 2% of your account equity at risk.
  • Scalping, day trading, and swing trading are considered to be the most profitable on the Forex market.
  • Major currencies are considered currencies that are most often traded against the U.S. dollar, such as EUR/USD, AUD/USD, and USD/CAD.
  • Although the forex market operates 24 hours a day during weekdays , some pairs are less active during the day.

Trading in Forex, which is short for Foreign Exchange, has surged in popularity in the 21st century amongst individual retail traders who trade on both a professional and non-professional basis. Although FX trading has been an important part of the larger banking system for centuries, this area has long been inaccessible to the individual. It is possible to earn some money when the prices of foreign currencies rise or fall. Just remember that exchanging currency might be a bad choice for passive investors. This list includes GBP/NZD, GBP/AUD, GBP/CAD, GBP/JPY, EUR/NZD, EUR/CAD, EUR/AUD, and EUR/JPY. The price of the above pairs often goes over 100 pips per day.

The products and described herein may not be available in all countries and jurisdictions. Those who access this site do so on their own initiative, and are therefore responsible for compliance with applicable local laws and regulations. The release does not constitute any invitation or recruitment of business. Read on to learn about the Bid and Ask prices in trading, as well as about different types of prices. Learn everything you need to know about the benefits of Forex trading and some drawbacks you need to avoid as a new investor.

Israeli shekel was third worst-performing currency in February – All Israel News

Israeli shekel was third worst-performing currency in February.

Posted: Fri, 03 Mar 2023 10:30:24 GMT [source]

The value of the Canadian is largely tied to the price of oil because the commodity is Canada’s main export. The Federal Open Market Committee is the branch of the Federal Reserve System that determines the direction of monetary policy. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. Investopedia does not include all offers available in the marketplace. As a result, whether a conversion for physical trade or a simple portfolio diversification play, currencies continue to offer more opportunities to both retail and institutional investors.

Understand your market and plan your strategy.

Although the landlocked country joined the EU in 2004, it still hasn’t implemented the euro as its official currency. This pair indicates the value of the Turkish lira against the euro. The lira has been revalued many times in previous attempts to reduce inflation. Meanwhile, the euro represents one of Europe’s largest economies. It handles close to $200 billion daily in spot FX transactions as well as contracts for several commodities. Its chief competitor is Reuters Dealing 3000 Xtra, which is particularly active in sterling and Australian dollars.

An exotic currency pair is a term used to describe the trading of a developing economy’s currency – as either the base/counter currency – with another major currency. The base currency is the one that a trader thinks will go up or down against the second currency in the pair. This second currency is known as the quote or counter currency. For example, if you buy pound versus US dollar (GBP/USD), you are anticipating a rise in the pound at the expense of the US dollar.

Iran’s Rial Hits Another Historic Low Against Major Currencies – ایران اینترنشنال

Iran’s Rial Hits Another Historic Low Against Major Currencies.

Posted: Fri, 24 Feb 2023 20:38:26 GMT [source]

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